Light is the focus item of Greenhouse lighting UK.
The amount of available light in a greenhouse affects the ability of a plants to hotosynthesize, and that in turn affects the growth characteristics of the plant including fruit development, taste, and quality. Depending on the source of light, the amount of light can also affect the temperature in the greenhouse and plant temperature. Some light sources have associated infrared radiation, which increases the plant temperature even over the greenhouse air temperature. What can be controled through their Greenhouse lighting UK? Let’s introduce step by step:
1.Greenhouse lighting UK plant’s morphological control
Plants have distinct hormonal reactions to different colors of light and the ratios of these colors. Our Phyto-Genesis Spectrum is crafted to elicit these hormonal responses and make the plants grow in a way that maximizes flower and fruit production.
2. Greenhouse lighting UK plant’s stems
All plants react to the ratio of red and blue light they receive to control stem elongation. An excess of red light compared to blue makes the plants think they’re not seeing “blue sky”, triggering a hormonal response to lengthen their stems to try and out-grow what they perceive to be shading them out. This happens regardless of light intensity, which is why plants grown under even intense HPS light still “stretch” their stems much more than under natural sunlight, as HPS has almost no blue but a decent amount of red light.
Energy expended to grow longer stems comes at the cost of energy devoted to flower and fruit production, so minimizing stem elongation leads to higher yields per plant. In addition, longer stems cause the plants to take up more room, limiting the number of plants that can fit in your growing area. Longer, floppy stems are also more prone to breaking and require more labor staking or netting the plants.
Our Phyto-Genesis Spectrum uses a ratio of red to blue light that encourages plants to keep their stems short and compact, leaving more energy for flowers and fruit, more space for additional plants in your growing area, and fewer headaches dealing with floppy, unwieldy plants.
3. Greenhouse lighting UK plant’s leaves
The ratio of red to blue, and the ratio of far-red to red light control leaf size in plants, in addition to light intensity. While it may seem intuitively that bigger leaves would provide the plant with more energy, they also create larger shadows, preventing lower leaves from getting enough light. By providing high-intensity light with the right ratio of red to far-red and red to blue light, our PhytoMAX lights trigger plants to grow smaller leaves. Just as with stems, the energy saved by growing smaller leaves is redirected to more flower and fruit production. Reduced shadowing increases canopy penetration, getting more light to lower leaves to nourish flowers lower on the plant, increasing yield overall.
4. Greenhouse lighting UK plant’s flowers
The same hormonal response that triggers stem elongation also affects the density of flowers- too much red and not enough blue light causes plants to grow open, airy flowers. Our ratio of red to blue light leads plants to grow dense, tight flowers for maximum appeal.
5. Greenhouse lighting UK increased Canopy Penetration
The secret to maximizing yield per square foot is maximizing canopy penetration to ensure the thickest, most-productive canopy possible. By controlling the leaf size through the ratio of red to far-red and red to blue light in our spectrum, we minimize shading of lower leaves. However, our Phyto-Genesis Spectrum goes another step beyond to deliver more light to lower leaves and nourish flowers lower on the plant.
When photons go through a leaf, they often hit something in the leaf and lose a bit of energy in the process, shifting the photon to a longer, lower-energy (redder) wavelength. Once the photons lose enough energy they are no longer useful to the plant for photosynthesis, so if a red photon loses just a bit of energy it becomes useless to the plant. Our Phyto-Genesis Spectrum includes significant amounts of higher-energy UV and deep blue photons, which can pass through multiple leaves, losing a bit of energy each time, but still keeping them in the photosynthetically-active region of the spectrum.
Greenhouse lighting UK need that “When designing the greenhouse lighting, growers wanted to minimize the installed grid power while maintaining appropriate level of light that is necessary for the plants.